CentOS下部署Flex项目可持续集成环境(hudson/maven/flexmojos)

Flex 是一个高效、免费的开放源框架,可用于构建具有表现力的 Web 应用程序,这些应用程序利用 Adobe Flash Player和 Adobe AIR, 运行时跨浏览器、桌面和操作系统实现一致的部署。虽然只能使用 Flex 框架构建 Flex 应用程序,Adobe Flash Builder?(之前称为 Adobe Flex® Builder?)软件可以通过智能编码、交互式遍历调试以及可视设计用户界面布局等功能加快开发。

主要相关软件版本:
flashbuilder 4.5 + flex sdk 4.5 + maven 2.2.1 + flexmojos 3.8 + mercurial 1.7.2 + hudson 2.0.1

Flex项目可持续集成方案在CentOS 5.6 i386下实现,需要安装的软件主要如下:
hudson-2.0.1
apache-maven-2.2.1
flexmojos-3.8
mercurial1.7.2
JAVA-1.6.0-openjdk
flashplayer 10.3 (debug version)

maven相关插件及依赖库版本:
flexmojos-maven-plugin:https://repository.sonatype.org/content/sites/flexmojos-site/3.8/
compiler:https://repository.sonatype.org/content/groups/flexgroup/com/adobe/flex/compiler/4.5.0.19786/
flex-framework:https://repository.sonatype.org/content/groups/flexgroup/com/adobe/flex/framework/flex-framework/4.5.0.19786/
flexunit:http://www.flashnexus.org/nexus/content/groups/public/com/adobe/flexunit/flexunit/4.1.0-beta3/

相关文件及目录
源码目录: /data/source/InstantForge/Pugna/
hudson安装目录: /usr/lib/hudson/hudson.war
maven:  /home/xjimmy/apache-maven-2.2.1/
flashplayer:  /usr/bin/flashplayer
xvfb-run脚本:  /usr/bin/xvfb-run

一、环境准备

# cd /home/xjimmy
安装java
# yum install java-1.6.0-openjdk             #install jre
# yum install java-1.6.0-openjdk-devel    #install jdk
java -version
java version "1.6.0_20"

安装mercurial(hg)
# yum install mercurial
# hg --version
分布式软件配置管理工具 - 水银 (版本 1.7.2)

下载hudson,maven,flashplayer
# wget http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi/maven/binaries/apache-maven-2.2.1-bin.tar.gz
# wget http://download.macromedia.com/pub/flashplayer/updaters/10/flashplayer_10_sa_debug.tar.gz

maven安装
# tar xzvf apache-maven-2.2.1-bin.tar.gz  #解开即可

flashplayer安装
# tar xzvf flashplayer_10_sa_debug.tar.gz
# cp flashplayerdebugger /usr/bin/flashplayer

自启动脚本中加入环境变量
# vim /etc/profile
#加入如下内容

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java
export M2_HOME=/home/xjimmy/apache-maven-2.2.1
export PATH=$M2_HOME/bin:$PATH
export MAVEN_OPTS="-Djava.awt.headless=true"

重新ssh登录,使环境变量生效

二、Flex项目与maven整合
方法1、使用mvn创建flex 项目框架
# mvn -v
Apache Maven 2.2.1 (r801777; 2009-08-07 03:16:01+0800)
Java version: 1.6.0_20
Java home: /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.6.0-openjdk-1.6.0.0/jre
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "Linux" version: "2.6.18-238.el5" Arch: "i386" Family: "unix"

#选择合适的flexmojos-maven-plugin版本呢,如3.8,参考一下网站
http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/org/sonatype/flexmojos/flexmojos-maven-plugin/

https://repository.sonatype.org/content/sites/flexmojos-site

生成application项目框架
# mvn archetype:generate -DarchetypeRepository=http://repository.sonatype.org/content/groups/flexgroup -DarchetypeGroupId=org.sonatype.flexmojos -DarchetypeArtifactId=flexmojos-archetypes-application -DarchetypeVersion=3.8
 
安装时,设置groupId和artifactId分别改为INiT.Instant.Forge 、 Pugna 其它默认。

# 初始目录结构
# tree Pugna
Pugna
`—swf 
  |-- pom.xml
  `—src
  `—main
  `—flex
  `-- Main.mxml
 
方法2:现有的Flex项目中加入pom.xml文件
在项目源码/opt/source/InstantForge/Pugna目录下加入pom.xml
 pom.xml是maven的配置文件,每个项目需要一个。本项目采用方法2。

添加本地swc库文件到maven资料库
# mvn install:install-file -Dfile=./libs/as3corelib-flex-4.5.swc -DgroupId=INiT.Instant.Forge -DartifactId=as3corelib-flex -Dversion=4.5 -Dpackaging=swc
# mvn install:install-file -Dfile=./libs/cmawslib-flex-4.5.swc -DgroupId=INiT.Instant.Forge -DartifactId=cmawslib-flex -Dversion=4.5 -Dpackaging=swc
# mvn install:install-file -Dfile=./libs/flexlib-flex4-2.5.swc -DgroupId=INiT.Instant.Forge -DartifactId=flexlib-flex4 -Dversion=2.5 -Dpackaging=swc
# mvn install:install-file -Dfile=./libs/parsley-flex4-2.4.0.swc -DgroupId=INiT.Instant.Forge -DartifactId=parsley-flex4 -Dversion=2.4.0 -Dpackaging=swc
# mvn install:install-file -Dfile=./libs/spicelib-flex-2.4.0.swc -DgroupId=INiT.Instant.Forge -DartifactId=spicelib-flex -Dversion=2.4.0 -Dpackaging=swc
 
最关键部分:pom.xml文件配置
 
修改/opt/source/InstantForge/Pugna下的添加pom.xml文件(maven配置文件) flex sdk4.5 + 国际化支持,内容如下:
主要信息: project info, repositories,build(src,test,compiler,flashbuilder,flashplayer,locales),
library(flex-framework,flexunit,as3corelib,cmawslib,flexlib,parsley,spicelib)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<groupId>INiT.Instant.Forge</groupId>
<artifactId>Pugna</artifactId>
<version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
<packaging>swf</packaging>
<name>Pugna Flex</name>
<repositories>
<repository>
<id>flex-mojos-repository</id>
<name>sonatype</name>
<url>http://repository.sonatype.org/content/groups/flexgroup</url>
</repository>
<repository>
<id>flex-mojos-internal-repository</id>
<url>http://repository.sonatype.org/content/groups/public</url>
</repository>
<repository>
<id>flash-nexus-repository</id>
<url>http://www.flashnexus.org/nexus/content/groups/public</url>
</repository>
</repositories>
<build>
<sourceDirectory>src</sourceDirectory>
<testSourceDirectory>test</testSourceDirectory>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.sonatype.flexmojos</groupId>
<artifactId>flexmojos-maven-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.8</version>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>com.adobe.flex</groupId>
<artifactId>compiler</artifactId>
<version>4.5.0.19786</version>
<type>pom</type>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<extensions>true</extensions>
<configuration>
<targetPlayer>10.2.0</targetPlayer>
<licenses>
<flashbuilder4>1424-4008-9664-3602-3439-1711</flashbuilder4>
</licenses>
<testRunner>
<launcher>
<flashplayerCommand>/usr/bin/flashplayer</flashplayerCommand>
</launcher>
</testRunner>
<compiledLocales>
<locale>en_US</locale>
<!-- <locale>zh_CN</locale> -->
</compiledLocales>
<optimize>true</optimize>
<showWarnings>true</showWarnings>
<allowSourcePathOverlap>true</allowSourcePathOverlap>
<mergeResourceBundle>true</mergeResourceBundle>
<resourceBundlePath>${basedir}/locales/{locale}</resourceBundlePath>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>com.adobe.flex.framework</groupId>
<artifactId>flex-framework</artifactId>
<version>4.5.0.19786</version>
<type>pom</type>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>com.adobe.flexunit</groupId>
<artifactId>flexunit</artifactId>
<version>4.1.0-beta3</version>
<type>swc</type>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>INiT.Instant.Forge</groupId>
<artifactId>as3corelib-flex</artifactId>
<version>4.5</version>
<type>swc</type>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>INiT.Instant.Forge</groupId>
<artifactId>parsley-flex4</artifactId>
<version>2.4.0</version>
<type>swc</type>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>INiT.Instant.Forge</groupId>
<artifactId>spicelib-flex</artifactId>
<version>2.4.0</version>
<type>swc</type>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>INiT.Instant.Forge</groupId>
<artifactId>cmawslib-flex</artifactId>
<version>4.5</version>
<type>swc</type>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>INiT.Instant.Forge</groupId>
<artifactId>flexlib-flex4</artifactId>
<version>2.5</version>
<type>swc</type>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<profiles>
<profile><!--https://docs.sonatype.org/pages/viewpage.action?pageId=2949459 -->
<id>m2e</id>
<activation>
<property>
<name>m2e.version</name>
</property>
</activation>
<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.maven.ide.eclipse</groupId>
<artifactId>lifecycle-mapping</artifactId>
<version>0.9.9-SNAPSHOT</version>
<configuration>
<mappingId>customizable</mappingId>
<configurators>
<configurator
id='org.maven.ide.eclipse.configuration.flex.configurator' />
</configurators>
<mojoExecutions>
<mojoExecution>org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-resources-plugin::</mojoExecution>
</mojoExecutions>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
<pluginManagement>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>
<version>2.4</version>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</pluginManagement>
</build>
</profile>
</profiles>
</project>

mvn 自动化build
# cd /data/source/InstantForge/Pugna
# mvn clean compile
# mvn test
# mvn install
或者
# mvn clean install

【FAQ】
1.flashplayer必须在GUI环境下运行,如果在命令行下运行,maven会出现如下提示:
[INFO] Failed to launch Flash Player. Probably java was not able to find flashplayer.
        Make sure flashplayer is available on PATH
        or use -DflashPlayer.command=${flashplayer executable}
Read more at: https://docs.sonatype.org/display/FLEXMOJOS/Running+unit+tests
解决:
        1.yum install xorg-x11-server-Xvfb
        2.Get xvfb-run.sh from:
http://www.flexthinker.com/2009/09/building-a-flex-project-with-maven-using-hudson-on-centos/xvfb-run-sh/http://www.flexthinker.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/xvfb-run.sh.txt ) and copy it to /usr/bin (remove the .sh extension)
        3. chmod 755 /usr/bin/xvfb-run
        4. ldconfig
        5. Add the following to your profile:
            export MAVEN_OPTS="-Djava.awt.headless=true"
hudson->系统管理:

Flex项目可持续集环境centos/hudson2/maven2/flexmojos3/mercurial

【参考1】
https://docs.sonatype.org/display/FLEXMOJOS/Running+unit+tests
【参考2】
How to do this in a headless environment?
You do need an actionScript virtual machine to run the test.  Currently there are 2 real options: Flash Player and Air Player.  Neither run on headless environment.  So, you do need to adapt you env to run this.  The good news is flexmojos already handle that.  You just need xvfb installed (run xvfb-run)

参考文档资料:持续集成在Flex项目中的应用.pdf

作者:博客园-xjimmyshcn

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  1. 斑竹,有具体的demo吗?我现在写ant,我们构建的swc文件有多,里边的东西也很杂,写build文件也就足够磨灭一个人的耐心了,求demo