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10個Chrome搜索技巧

10个Chrome搜索技巧

Search engines are pretty good at finding what you’re looking for these days, but sometimes they still come up short. For those occasions there are a few little known tricks which come in handy.

目前來說, 搜索引擎 很擅長找到你需要的信息,但有時搜索結果並不如人意。在這種場合下,知道一些鮮為人知的小技巧是很有用的。

So here are some tips for better googling ( as it’s the most popular search engine ) but many will work on other search engines too.

下面會介紹 10 個谷歌( 最受歡迎的搜索引擎 )搜索技巧,當然,這10 個技巧也可以用於其它搜索引擎。

1. Exact phrase

1. 準確搜索

10个Chrome搜索技巧

The simplest and most effective way to search for something specific is to use quote marks around a phrase or name to search for those exact words in that exact order.

最简单和最有效的搜索方式是给关键词加上双引号,这样搜索引擎会反馈和关键词完全吻合的搜索结果。

For instance, searching for joe Bloggs will show results with both Joe and Bloggs but not necessarily placed sequentially. Searching for “Joe Bloggs” will surface only those that specifically have the name Joe Bloggs somewhere on the page.

例如,搜索 Joe Bloggs 时,搜索引擎会返回同时跟 Joe 和 Bloggs 相关的结果,而搜索Joe Bloggs时,搜索引擎只返回跟Joe Bloggs相关的结果。

The exact or explicit phrase search is very useful for excluding more common but less relevant results.

準確搜索會排除常見但相關度偏低的信息,會提高搜索的精確性。

2. Exclude terms

2. 排除關鍵字

10个Chrome搜索技巧

If exact phrase doesn’t get you what you need, you can specifically exclude certain words using the minus symbol.

A search for “Joe Bloggs” -jeans will find results for Joe Bloggs, but it will exclude those results for the Joe Bloggs brand of jeans.

如果準確搜索不能得到想要的結果,你可以通過使用 減號 的方式來排除特定詞匯。

例如搜索 Joe Bloggs -jeans 時,搜索引擎會返回與 Joe Bloggs 匹配但已經排除關鍵字 jeans 的信息。

3. Either OR

3. 用 Either OR(或)進行搜索

10个Chrome搜索技巧

Default text searches find results with all the words of the query. By using the OR term you can search for one or another term, not just all the terms. OR searches can be useful for finding things that you’re not sure which term will be used from a known list.

默認的文本搜索會返回所有和關鍵字相關的信息,通過使用 OR ,不僅能返回和關鍵字都相關的信息,還能返回和兩個關鍵字分別相關的信息。在不確定哪個哪個關鍵字對搜索結果起決定作用時, OR 搜索是很有用的。

4. Synonym search

4. 同義詞搜索

10个Chrome搜索技巧

Sometimes it’s useful to search for a less specific term. If you’re not sure which term will be used you can use synonym search.

Searching for plumbing ~university will bring up results for plumbing from colleges as well as universities, for example.

有時使用不確定的關鍵詞進行搜索反而更有用。如果你不確定使用哪個關鍵詞,可以試試使用同義詞搜索。

例如,你搜索 plumbing ~university,則搜索引擎會返回包含 plumbing universities 和 plumbing colleges 的信息。

5. Search within a site

5. 站內搜索

10个Chrome搜索技巧

The search engines of most websites are poor. You can search using Google instead by using the site or domain limiter.

Searching with site:theguardian.com followed by a search term, will find results from only theguardian.com. Combining with explicit search terms makes it even more powerful.

很多網站缺乏搜索功能,但你可以通過谷歌等搜索引擎對站內進行搜索。

在搜索引擎上輸入 site:theguardian.com 和搜索關鍵字,搜索引擎會返回網站 theguardian.com 內和關鍵詞相關的信息。結合準確搜索,能使這項功能更強大。

6. The power of the asterisk

6. 星號的用處

10个Chrome搜索技巧

Like the blank tile in Scrabble, the asterisk works as a wild card within searches. It can be used in place of a missing word or part of a word, which is useful for completing phrases, but also when you’re trying to search for a less definite article.

A search for architect* will search for architect, but also architectural, architecture, architected, architecting and any other word which starts with architect.

類似拼圖遊戲 Scrabble 的空白方塊,在搜索引擎中,不管關鍵字缺失的是一連串單詞中的其中一個還是一個單詞的某一部分,都可以使用星號來填補缺失的部分,這同樣適用於搜索一篇確定性偏低的文章。

例如,在搜索引擎輸入 architect*,則會得到所有包含 architect、architectural、architecture、architected、architecting 以及其他所有以architect 作為開頭的詞匯的信息。

7. Searching between two values

7. 在兩個數值之間進行搜索

10个Chrome搜索技巧

Searching for something with a qualifier between two ranges is a good way of answering questions. For instance, if you’re looking for the who were the British prime ministers between 1920 and 1950 a search using british prime minister 1920.. 1950 will bring up results with dates ranging between 1920 and 1950.

That’s your search term followed by two full stops and a space.

在一定範圍內使用限定詞來搜索某些東西是一個不錯的方法。例如想要找出 1920 至 1950 年間的英國首相,直接在搜索引擎中輸入 英國首相 1920.. 1950 即可得出想要的結果。

記住,數值之間的符號是兩個英文句號加一個空格鍵。

8. Search for word in the body, title or URL of a page

8. 在網頁標題、鏈接和主體(內容)中搜索關鍵詞

10个Chrome搜索技巧

Sometimes you only want to find text either within the URL, body or title of a page. Using the qualifier inurl: will search just within the url. The qualifier intext: will search within the body, while intitle: will search only within a page title.

For example, intitle:review will bring up all the articles with “review” in the page title.

有時,你只想找出所有和關鍵詞相關的網頁鏈接、網頁主體(內容)和標題,這時,就可以使用對應的限定詞: inurl: 、 intext 和 intitle 。

例如,在搜索引擎中輸入 intitle: 評測 會得到所有和關鍵詞 評測 相關的網頁標題。

9. Search for related sites

9. 搜索相關網站

10个Chrome搜索技巧

The related qualifier is useful for finding similar sites. Searching for related:theguardian.com for instance, will bring up the websites of other news organisations that Google deems the most similar to the Guardian.

相關的限定詞可用於搜索相關網站時使用。例如,你僅需在搜索引擎中輸入 related: theguardian.com 即可得到所有和 theguardian.com 相關的網站的搜索結果。

10. Combine them

10. 組合使用(上述)搜索技巧

10个Chrome搜索技巧

All these search tools can be combined to narrow down or expand searches. While some of them may be used only rarely, some such as explicit phrase searches are useful in almost all cases.

As Google and other search engines improve their understanding of the way people naturally type or say search queries, these power tools will likely become less and less useful – at least that’s the goal that search engines are working towards – but that’s certainly not the case at the moment.

你可以組合使用上述的搜索技巧來縮小或擴大搜索範圍。盡管一些搜索技巧不常使用,但是準確搜索和站內搜索的使用範圍是很廣的。

隨著 Google 等搜索引擎對用戶自然語言理解程度的提高,這些搜索技能的適用場景會越來越少,至少這是搜索引擎的共同追求目標。但是在當下,掌握這些搜索技巧還是非常有用的。

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